The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter. The Typhoon was designed and is manufactured by a consortium of three companies; EADS, Alenia Aeronautica and BAE Systems, who conduct the majority of affairs dealing with the project through a joint holding company, Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH, which was formed in 1986. The project is managed by the NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency, which also acts as the prime customer.
Development of the aircraft effectively began in 1983 with the Future European Fighter Aircraft programme, a multinational collaborative effort between Germany, France, UK, Italy and Spain. Due to disagreements over design authority and operational requirements, France left the consortium to independently develop the Dassault Rafale instead. A technology demonstration aircraft, the British Aerospace EAP, first took flight on 6 August 1986; the first prototype of the finalised Eurofighter made its first flight on 27 March 1994. The name of the aircraft, Typhoon, was formally adopted in September 1998; the first production contracts were signed that same year.
Political issues in the partner nations significantly protracted the Typhoon's development; the sudden end of the Cold War reduced European demand for fighter aircraft, and there was debate over the cost and work share of the Eurofighter. The Typhoon was introduced into operational service in 2003. Currently, the type has entered service with the Austrian Air Force, the Italian Air Force, the German Air Force, the Royal Air Force, the Spanish Air Force, and the Royal Saudi Air Force. The Royal Air Force of Oman has also been confirmed as an export customer, bringing the procurement total to 571 aircraft as of 2013.
Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH (English: Eurofighter Fighter aircraft GmbH) is a multinational company that co-ordinates the design, production and upgrade of the Eurofighter Typhoon, this includes incorporating the jet engines designed and manufactured by EuroJet Turbo GmbH.
Founded in 1986, it has its head office in Hallbergmoos, Bavaria, Germany. The company is owned by the major aerospace companies of the four Eurofighter partner nations:
33% EADS Deutschland GmbH (Germany)
13% EADS CASA (Spain)
33%: BAE Systems (United Kingdom)
21%: Alenia Aermacchi (Italy)
Austrian Air Force -- 15 delivered
German Air Force -- 143 ordered, of which 100 have been delivered as of February 2013.
Jagdgeschwader 71 Richthofen
Jagdgeschwader 73 Steinhoff
Jagdbombergeschwader 31 Boelcke
Italian Air Force -- 96 ordered, of which 62 have been delivered as of May 2012,
4º Stormo, Grosseto
9º Gruppo Caccia
20º Gruppo Caccia OCU Tactical pilot training and evaluation
36º Stormo, Gioia del Colle
10º Gruppo Caccia
12º Gruppo Caccia
37º Stormo, Trapani
18º Gruppo Caccia
Royal Saudi Air Force -- 72 ordered, of which 24 have been delivered as of April 2013.
Spanish Air Force -- 73 ordered, of which 45 have been delivered.
Ala 11, Seville-Morón Air Base
111 Operational Squadron
113 Squadron, OCU Tactical pilot training and evaluation
Ala 14, Albacete-Los Llanos Air Base
142 Operational Squadron
Royal Air Force -- 160 ordered, of which 100 have been delivered as of January 2013
RAF Coningsby, Lincolnshire, England.
No. 3 Squadron RAF
No. 11 Squadron RAF
No. 29 Squadron RAF OCU Tactical pilot training and evaluation
No. 41 Squadron RAF Test & Evaluation Squadron
RAF Leuchars, Fife, Scotland.
No. 1 Squadron RAF
No. 6 Squadron RAF
RAF Mount Pleasant, East Falkland, Falkland Islands
No. 1435 Flight RAF (Falkland Islands)
No. 17 Squadron RAF OCU Tactical pilot training and evaluation