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Bristol Beaufighter FSX HOT

BAYANIN KYAUTA



Yi hankali, kawai don FSX-SP2 ko Hanzartawa

Yana da kusan art! Graphically babu wani abu to abin zargi kuma rumfa kokfit ne kwazazzabo da kuma cike da daki-daki. Zai yi farin ciki magoya baya na yaki da jiragen sama na yakin duniya na biyu.
Ya hada da 10 repaints, kuma real sauti musamman don wannan ƙirar wanda inganta kwaikwaiyo.

The Bristol Type 156 Beaufighter, sau da yawa ake magana a kai a matsayin kawai Beau, wani British dogon zangon-m jirgin saman soja gyara na Bristol Aeroplane Company ta baya Beaufort torpedo m zane. The name Beaufighter ne mai portmanteau of "Beaufort" da kuma "mai faɗa."

Ba kamar da Beaufort, da Beaufighter da dogon aiki da kuma bauta a kusan dukan sinimomi yaki a cikin yakin duniya na biyu, na farko a matsayin wani dare mai faɗa, to, kamar yadda wani jirgin saman soja m kuma ƙarshe maye gurbin Beaufort matsayin torpedo m. A bambance-bambancen da aka gina a Australia da sashen Aircraft Production (Dap) da kuma aka sani a Australia a matsayin Dap Beaufighter.

Design da kuma ci gaban

A ra'ayin wani jirgin saman soja ci gaba da Beaufort aka shawara ga Air ma'aikatar da Bristol. The shawara ya zo daidai da jinkiri a ci gaba da kuma samar da Westland guguwa igwa-dauke da makamai twin-engine jirgin saman soja. Tun da "Beaufort igwa Fighter" shi a hira da wani data kasance zane, ci gaba da kuma samar da za a iya sa ran mafi sauri fiye da gaba daya sabo zane. Haka kuma, da Air ma'aikatar samar Musammantawa F.11 / 37 rubuta a kusa da Bristol ta shawara ga wani "rikon" jirgin sama a lokacin da ta dace gabatarwar da guguwa. Bristol fara gina samfur da shan part-gina Beaufort daga samar line. The samfur farko ya tashi a kan 17 Yuli 1939, kadan fiye da watanni takwas bayan da zane ya fara, yiwu saboda da amfani da yawa daga cikin Beaufort ta zane da kuma sassa. A samar da kwangila ga 300 inji ya riga an sanya makonni biyu kafin samfur F.17 / 39 har ya tashi.

Gaba ɗaya, da bambance-bambance tsakanin Beaufort da Beaufighter kasance qananan. The fuka-fuki, iko saman, retractable saukowa kaya da aft sashe na fuselage kasance m ga waɗanda na Beaufort, yayin da reshe cibiyar sashe yana kama baicin wani kayan aiki. The bam bay aka tsallake, da huɗu-gaba da harbe-harben 20 mm Hispano Mk III cannons aka saka a cikin ƙananan fuselage yankin. Wadannan da aka farko ciyar daga 60-zagaye ganguna, bukata radar sadarwarka don canja ammonium ganguna da hannu - an arduous da mutane suke so aiki, musamman ma a cikin dare kuma yayin da bi a m. A sakamakon haka, suna nan da nan maye gurbinsu da bel-feed tsarin. The cannons aka supplemented da shida .303 a (7.7 mm) Browning machineguns a fuka-fuki (hudu gefen dama na jirgin ruwa, biyu tashar jiragen ruwa). The yankunan domin raya sojan igwa da bam-aimer da aka cire, ya bar kawai matukin jirgi a cikin wani jirgin saman soja-type kokfit. The Navigator / radar sadarwarka zauna zuwa ga raya karkashin karamin perspex kumfa inda Beaufort ta dorsal turret ya kasance.

The Bristol Taurus injuna na Beaufort kasance ba iko isa ga wani jirgin saman soja, kuma aka maye gurbinsu da more iko Bristol Hercules. The karin ikon gabatar da matsaloli tare da vibration. a karshe zane da suka kasance sunã saka a kan ya fi tsayi, mafi m struts, wanda makale daga gaban fuka-fuki. Wannan koma tsakiyar nauyi (cog) a gaba, da mummunan abu ga wani jirgin sama zane. An koma da rage hanci, kamar yadda wani sarari aka bukata ga wani bam aimer a wani jirgin saman soja. Wannan ya sa mafi yawan fuselage baya da reshe, da kuma koma da cog baya inda ya kamata ya kasance. Tare da engine cowlings da propellers yanzu kara gaba fiye da tip daga cikin hanci, da Beaufighter yana da Characteristically stubby bayyanar.

Production na Beaufort a Australia, da kuma sosai m amfani da Birtaniya da aka yi Beaufighters ta Royal Australian Air Force, ya kai ga Beaufighters da ake gina ta Australian Department of Aircraft Production (Dap) daga 1944 dole. The Dap ta bambance-bambancen da aka kai hari / torpedo m da aka sani da Mark 21: zane canje-canje hada Hercules VII ko XVIII injuna da kuma wasu qananan canje-canje a makamai.

A lokacin da British samar Lines rufe a watan Satumba 1945, 5,564 Beaufighters da aka gina a Ingila, ta Bristol da kuma da Fairey Aviation Company, (498) ma'aikatar Aircraft Production (3336) da kuma Rootes (260).

A lokacin da Australian samar daina in 1946, 365 Mk.21s da aka gina.

aiki sabis

Bristol Beaufighter Mk 1 a No. 252 rundujar soja masu dawaki, North Africa

By jirgin saman soja matsayin, da Beaufighter Mk.I ya m nauyi, kuma m. Yana da wani dukkan-up nauyin 16,000 LB (7,000 kg) da kuma a kalla gudun kawai 335 mph (540 km / h) a 16,800 ft (5,000 m). Duk da haka wannan shi ne abin da ya samuwa a lokacin, a matsayin kara samar da in ba haka ba m Westland guguwa ya riga an tsaya saboda matsaloli tare da samar da da Rolls Royce-Peregrine injuna.

The Beaufighter samu kanta zuwan kashe samar line a kusan daidai da wannan lokaci kamar yadda na farko da British Airborne sakonnin (AI) radar sets. Tare da hudu 20 mm igwa saka a cikin ƙananan fuselage, hanci iya saukar da radar antennas, da kuma general roominess na fuselage sa da AI da kayan da za a Fitted sauƙi. Ko loaded to 20,000 LB (9,100 kg) da jirgin saman ya yi azumi isa ya kama Jamus harin. By farkon 1941, shi ne wani tasiri counter to Luftwaffe dare hare-hare. A daban-daban a farkon model na Beaufighter ewa fara sabis kasashen waje, inda ta ruggedness da AMINCI ewa sanya jirgin sama rare tare crews.

A dare jirgin saman soja Mk vif aka kawota ga squadrons a watan Maris 1942, sanye take da AI Mark Sabunta radar. Kamar yadda sauri de Havilland Sauro ya hau kan a cikin dare jirgin saman soja rawa a tsakiyar zuwa marigayi 1942, da heavier Beaufighters sanya muhimmanci gudunmawar a wasu bangarori kamar anti-shipping, ƙasa kai hari da kuma dogon zangon-interdiction a cikin kowane manyan gidan wasan kwaikwayo da yadda ake gudanar.

A cikin tekun Bahar Rum, USAAF ta 414th, 415th, 416th da 417th Night Fighter Squadrons samu 100 Beaufighters a lokacin rani na 1943, cimma farko nasara a watan Yuli 1943. Ta hanyar lokacin rani da squadrons gudanar biyu rana ayarin rakiya da kasa-kama aiki, amma da farko ya tashi tsaron gida interception manufa da dare. Ko da yake Northrop P-61 baqar bazawar jirgin saman soja ya fara zo a watan Disamba 1944, USAAF Beaufighters ci gaba da tashi da dare gudanar a Italiya da Faransa har sai da marigayi a cikin yaki.

Ina rantsuwa da kaka na 1943, da Sauro ya samuwa a cikin isa lambobin don maye gurbin Beaufighter matsayin primary dare jirgin saman soja na Sojan Sama ba. By karshen yaki wasu 70 matuka bauta wa tare da Sojan Sama raka'a ya zama aces yayin yawo Beaufighters.

The Beaufighter aka jera a cikin appendix da labari KG 200 kamar yadda ya aka kaisu da Jamusanci m gudanar naúrar KG 200, wanda gwada, kimanta da kuma wani lokacin clandestinely sarrafa kama maƙiyi jirgin sama a lokacin yakin duniya na II. Coastal umurnin

1941 ga ci gaban da Beaufighter Mk.IC dogon zangon-m jirgin saman soja. Wannan sabon bambanci shiga sabis a watan Mayu 1941 da detachment daga No. 252 rundujar soja masu dawaki aiki daga Malta. The jirgin sama tabbatar haka tasiri a Rum da shipping, jirgin sama da kuma ƙasa hari cewa Coastal umurnin zama manyan mai amfani da Beaufighter, ya maye gurbin yanzu wanda aka rabu amfani Beaufort da Blenheim.

Coastal umurnin fara yi bayarwa na daga cikin up-rated Mk.VIC a tsakiyar 1942. By karshen 1942 Mk VICs aka sanye take da torpedo-dauke da kaya, kunna su don gudanar da Birtaniya 18 a (457 mm) ko Amurka 22.5 a (572 mm) torpedo externally. Na farko m torpedo harin da Beaufighters zo a watan Afrilu 1943, tare No. 254 rundujar soja masu dawaki nitsewa biyu m jirãge kashe Norway.

The Hercules Mk XVII, masu tasowa, 1,735 HP (1,294 kW) a 500 ft (150 m), da aka shigar a cikin Mk VIC airframe don samar da TF Mk.X (Torpedo Fighter), fiye da aka sani a matsayin "Torbeau." The Mk X zama babban samar alamar da Beaufighter. Yajin bambance-bambancen na "Torbeau" da aka sanya da Mk.XIC. Beaufighter TF Xs zai sa daidaici harin a kan shipping a kalaman-top tsawo da torpedoes ko "60lb" RP-3 roka. Early model na Mk Xs dauki awo-zango HAU (air-to-surface jirgin ruwa) radar da "herringbone" antennae za'ayi a kan hanci da kuma m fuka-fuki, amma wannan da aka maye gurbinsu a marigayi 1943 da centimetric AI Mark Sabunta radar housed a cikin wani "shafi-hanci" radome, kunna dukkan-weather dare da kai hare-hare.

The North Coates Strike Reshe na Coastal umurnin, bisa a Sojan Sama ba North Coates a Lincolnshire Coast, ɓullo da dabara wanda hade manyan tsarin na Beaufighters amfani igwa da rokoki zuwa kashe flak yayin da Torbeaus kai hari a low matakin da torpedoes. Wadannan dabara aka saka a cikin yi a tsakiyar 1943, kuma a cikin wani 10-wata lokaci, 29,762 tons (27,000 ton) na shipping aka sunk. Dabara da aka kara saba lokacin da shipping aka koma daga tashar jiragen ruwa a cikin dare. North Coates Strike Wing sarrafa matsayin mafi girma a anti-shipping karfi na yakin duniya na biyu, da kuma lissafta kan 150,000 tons (136,100 ton) na shipping da 117 tasoshin ga asarar 120 Beaufighters da 241 aircrew kashe ko m. Wannan shi ne rabin jimlar tonnage sunk da dukan yajin fuka-fuki tsakanin 1942-45. Pacific yaki The Beaufighter isa squadrons a kasashen Asiya da Pacific, a tsakiyar 1942. An sau da yawa da aka ce - ko da yake ya asali a yanki na Sojan Sama whimsy sauri dauka up da wani British jarida - wanda Japan sojoji ake magana a kai Beaufighter matsayin "raɗa da mutuwa," zato domin kai hare hare da jirgin sama sau da yawa da aka ba su ji (ko gani) har ma marigayi. The Beaufighter ta Hercules injuna amfani sleeve bawuloli wanda rasa da m bawul kaya na kowa to poppet bawul injuna. Wannan shi ne mafi bayyana a rage amo matakin a gaban engine.

South gabas Asia

A cikin Kudu maso Gabas Asian Theatre, da Beaufighter Mk vif sarrafa daga India a kan dare manufa da Japan Lines sadarwa a Burma da Thailand. The high-gudun, low-matakin harin kasance tasiri sosai, duk da sau da yawa tsananin yanayi, da kuma makeshift gyara da kiyaye facilities.South gabas Asia

South yamma Pacific

Kafin Dap Beaufighters isa Royal Australian Air Force raka'a a kudu West Pacific gidan wasan kwaikwayo, da Bristol Beaufighter Mk IC aka aiki a anti-shipping manufa.
Mafi shahara daga cikin wadannan shi ne Battle na Bismarck Sea a cikin abin da suka co-sarrafa da USAAF A-20 Bostons da B-25 Mitchells. No. 30 rundujar soja masu dawaki RAAF Beaufighters tashi a at mast tsawo don samar da nauyi suppressive wuta ga taguwar ruwa na kai hare hare kai harin. The Japanese ayarin, a karkashin alama abin da suka kasance a karkashin torpedo harin, sanya m dabara kuskure juya su zuwa ga jirgin ruwa Beaufighters, da barin su fallasa su ƙetare bom hare-haren da Amurka matsakaici kai harin. The Beaufighters azãbar iyakar lalacewar a kan jirgin ruwa "anti-aircraft bindigogi, gadoji da crews lokacin strafing runs da hudu 20 mm hanci cannons shida reshe-saka .303 a (7.7 mm) na'ura bindigogi. Takwas transports da hudu hallaka aka sunk ga asarar biyar da jirgin sama, ciki har da daya Beaufighter.

Postwar

Daga marigayi 1944, Sojan Sama Beaufighter raka'a aka tsunduma a cikin Hellenanci Civil War, a karshe janye a 1946.
The Beaufighter aka kuma yi amfani da iska sojojin na Portugal, Turkey da Dominican Republic. An yi amfani da takaice da Israeli Air Force. source Wikipedia

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