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Tupolev Li-144 piha pūʻolo 2.0 FS2004 anal

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Eia ka Soviet supersonic mokulele mokulele. ʻO ka lele mua ʻana ma 1968, ʻelua mau mahina ma mua o ka komohana Concorde. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo "Concordski" a i ʻole "Charger".

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mana ʻehā. ʻO ka maʻamau, hoʻomaikaʻi a me ka mana NASA a me kahi mana hou i hoʻopau ʻole ʻia. ʻO ka pailaka uila hana piha hou, ka panina 2D hou me INS, autoland a me nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe. He nui nā hāmeʻa XML i hoʻopilikino hou ʻia. Hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā faile kani i nā ʻano ʻelua o nā ʻenekini TU144 holo maoli.

ʻO kēia kekahi o nā mea liʻiliʻi loa add-on no FS2004 kahi e neʻe ai ka simulation! Hiki iā mākou ke hauʻoli i kēia pae o ke ʻano, a ʻo nā paneli mana āpau i hoʻopili ʻia me nā pihi liʻiliʻi o kēlā kakou e aʻo mai heluhelu i ka manuale.

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Ka Tupolev Li-144 (NATO hoike mai i ka inoa: "kālā, '"), he kekahi o ko ke ao nei i elua supersonic amo mokulele (SST) e komo civilian hana, a me ka Concorde, a ua kūkulu ma lalo o ke kuhikuhi ana o ka Soviet Tupolev manao Buro alai ae ma Alexei Tupolev.
Ka Li-144 ia mawaho, i like loa me ka Aérospatiale / Pelekāne mokulele Inc Concorde, ma lalo o? Acaeoey i ka manawa hoʻokahi, a ua pinepine 'ōlelo' ia i Soviet espionage hookani i ka pelekikena a kī, e haawi ana i ka Li-144 ka inoa kapakapa "Konkordski" ai 'ole "Concordski" . Ka Li-144 o Tupolev ka wale supersonic kalepa airliner aa aku la, e like me ka poʻe o nā nui supersonic mokulele ua 'ia, a kūkulu ihola ia i nā luna hoʻolale hoakaka. O keia mau mokulele pomaikai mai oaoieei-yeiiiie? 'Epekema manaʻo kōkua mai TsAGI, ka Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. McDonnell Douglas, Lockheed a me Boeing he ekolu mau Manufacturers i ho'āʻo i ka manao SST airliners no ka US makeke oiai na 1960s, aka, me ka nele o.

A prototype (OKB:. Izdeliye 044 - 'atikala 044 mua lele maluna o 31 December 1968 ma Moscow, elua malama i mua o ka Concorde The Li-144 mua wawahi i ka mämä holo o ke kani ma 5 June 1969, a maluna o 15 o Iulai 1969 ua lilo i ka mua kalepa amo e oi Mach elua. The Li-144, ua wahahee iloko o ka ohua hana ma 1 November 1977, aneane elua makahiki mahope iho o ka Concorde, aka, ua koke Mamao aku ma hope pono 55 hoʻopaʻa 'ohua de aie i potentially loa pilikia me ka mokulele palekana, a ua ole hoi hoʻolauna i ka hana.
ʻOiai Ka Li-144 he technically broadly like i ka Concorde, ka mea, aohe he ohua makeke i loko o ka Soviet Union, a ua ku hana mahope wale 102 hoʻopaʻa 'hoʻii (55 ohua de, ka poe i koe ukana). Ka Concorde koe ma ka hana a hiki i 2003, ua hoihoi ekolu makahiki mahope iho o ke kui ana o Air Franceʻauheʻe 4590 kokoke Paris ma 25 o Iulai 2000, ka wale no make o ka SST ma civilian oihana.

Ka Soviets pai ia i ka manaʻo o ka Li-144 ma ka Haawina i loko o ka Ianuali 1962 hilo o ka Magazine Technology o ka Air lawe aku. Ka makani oihana la kūpono 'ana o ka Li-144 ma 26 o Iulai 1963, hahai aponoia ma ka' Aha o na Kuhina 10 la mamua. Ka papahana ka hoʻomaka 'elua mau makahiki ma hope mai o ka Concorde. Ka manao kapaʻia no ka mea, elima lele prototypes e e kukulu i ka eha makahiki. Ka mokulele mua ia e noho makaukau oukou ma 1966.
I loko nō o ka pili similarity i ko waho o ke Li-144 i ka Anglo-Farani supersonic mokulele, he nui oko ao ma o ka mana, a me ka hoʻokele engine nenoai. I wahi e like me ka huahelu, aerodynamic sophistication, braking a me ka engine ana, ka Li-144 lagged ma ke kua o ka Concorde. Oiai ka Concorde hoʻohana i engine hooponopono pūʻolo lolouila mai Lucas, Tupolev aole i aeia e kuai aku i ka Li-144 e like me ka mea hiki ke hoʻohana no hoi ma koa mokulele. Ka Concorde ka poʻe akamai i hoʻohana i ka wahie o keia airliner e like me ka coolant no ka ea ole hoʻoikaika kino i ke kāpena, a me ka neaa nenoaia (ike Concorde # Hoʻomehana kumuhana no nā lāliʻi). Tupolev hoʻouka hou lako a pan ma ka Li-144 e hoʻokō i keia, mahuahua ka kaumaha o ka airliner.

Tupolev mau i ka hana e iaono? Ienoai ka Li-144. He nui na lula 'hōʻano hou a me na mea hou, ua hanaia ma ka Li-144 prototype (pūkaʻina helu 68001). Oiai o ka Concorde, a me ka Li-144 prototype i ogival aaeuoa mau'ēheu, na Li-144 ka'ēheu nele i ka Concorde ka conical camber. Iecaianoaaiiuo Li-144s caiaiai i kēia'ēheu me ka papalua-aaeuoa eheu e like me conical camber, a lakou i huiia me ka hope keu alodio aka, he mea hiki hoʻoluku: me na ia liilii retractable canard surfaces kekahi ma kekahiʻaoʻao o ka mua pauku ma ka mokulele e hoʻomāhuahua ke eaʻe i haahaa māmā.

Neʻe i na elevons lalo i loko o ka aaeuoa-'ēheu mokulele maoli ke eaʻe, aka, e hoi pitches kona ihu lalo. Ka canard ana ma mai keia ihu-e kō manawa, pela hoemi i ke awa pae māmā holo o ke? Iecaianoaaiiie Li-144s e 315-333 km / h (170-180 kn, 196-207 mph) - naʻe, malie wikiwiki ma mua o ka mea o ka Concorde. Ka NASA like helu hope loa hoʻokokoke mämä holo i ka hanaia Li-144LL ho'āʻo de e like me 170 e 181 knots (315 e 335 km / h), nae keia he kokoke loa i kahi māmā holo piha oia i ho'āʻo de manaʻoi manao e noiʻi i pae ole ma kā mākou hiki ana i ka laulā o ka māmā holo, ka nānā 'ole o ka paakiki a me ka pilina paʻa ka pae e hiki ia. E like me ka regular pae aku i uka, FAA hoʻopoepoe kahua Li-144S kokoke loa i kahi māmā holo e like me i kue i ka BAC / Aerospatiale hoi ka manao hookahi (e) kokoke loa i kahi māmā holo o 178 knots (330 km / h), ma muliʻae nō hoʻi ma keʻano 162 knots (300 km / h), hai aku ai ma ka Manufacturers i Western hoʻokonukonu kino. Nō naʻe ka mea, ua hamama i kekahi manaʻo hoʻopiʻi kū'ē i ka hale lio o Li-144S ma ka papa inoa airspeed. Ma kekahi hanana, i ka wa NASA subcontracted Tupolev Buro ma ka 1990s e hoohuli i kekahi o ka poe i koe Li-144D i ka Li-144LL hae, ke kaʻina hana i ka Tupolev no ka pae i ho'ākāka 'ia i ka Li-144LL "hope kokoke loa i kahi māmā holo ... ma ke kauoha o 360 km / HR ke kaumaha ma muli wahie ke kaumaha. " Brian Calvert, ke Concorde ka oaoieei-holo manakia, a me kona mua kalepa ke kahu moku loko aku o kekahi mau inaugural de, kākau i nā hope loa hoʻokokoke ka mämä holo o ka KOLOHE Concorde pae e lilo 155 e 160 knots, oa 287 e 296 km / h. Lower Concorde pae māmā ia i Li-144 ka mea ku pono i ka Concorde i oi aku ka maemae manao no ia o ka eheu Profile e hoʻolako kiekie ke eaʻe ma haahaa ka mämä holo me ke kūlana supersonic moku peʻa hana - ka hiʻona pinepine i oleloia ma ka Western paʻi puke ma ka Concorde, a hooiaio ia e Tupolev poʻe akamai, e like me pono. (Source Wikipedia)
  • Mea kākau: Thomas Ruth, Claudio Mussner
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KOMOHANAI FILE

  • Rating
    (20 balota)
  • Size 59,4 MB
  • Downloads 15 540
  • hana 01-11-2010
  • Ua hoʻololi 12-07-2012
  • laikini Freeware mawaho
  • VC 3D Pūnaewele Kūkaho
  • Palapala hoʻohālikelike:
    • ʻO Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004
  • Download
  • Mea kākau:
  • Thomas Ruth, Claudio Mussner
  • ʻAʻole ʻōlaʻi ʻia e
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