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Bristol Beaufighter FSX

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Loj 33.03 MB
Downloads 13 651
Tsim 02-06-2010
Hloov 11-07-2012
Daim ntawv tso cai Freeware lwm
Sau: Model thiab textures los ntawm Dave Garwood, Beaufighter Suab by Lawdog lwm http://daveg.cbfsim.org
download FSX Acceleration los yog SP2 & FSX-Chav#Native FSX thiab / los yog P3D # 3D Virtual Cockpit
Yuav tsum paub txog, tsuas yog rau cov FSX-SP2 los yog kawm txuj kawm ci

Nws yog yuav luag kos duab! Graphically tsis muaj dab tsi rau reproach thiab lub virtual cockpit yog gorgeous thiab tag nrho cov meej. Nws yuav ua rau zoo siab tus kiv cua ntawm sib ntaus sib tua aircraft ntawm ob tsov rog ntiaj teb.
Xws li 10 repaints, thiab tiag tiag suab hais rau cov qauv no uas txhim kho simulation.

Lub Bristol hom 156 Beaufighter, feem ntau xa mus rau raws li cias tus beau, yog ib tug British ntev-ntau hnyav fighter kev hloov kho ntawm lub Bristol Aeroplane tuam txhab ua ntej lawm Beaufort torpedo bomber tsim. Lub npe Beaufighter yog ib tug portmanteau ntawm "Beaufort" thiab "fighter".

Tsis zoo li cov Beaufort, lub Beaufighter muaj ib tug ntev hauj lwm thiab ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv yuav luag tag nrho cov theaters ua tsov ua rog nyob rau hauv ob ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog, thawj raws li ib hmo fighter, ces raws li ib tug dav hlau tua rog bomber thiab nws thiaj li hloov lub Beaufort raws li ib tug torpedo bomber. Ib tug variant twb ua nyob rau hauv teb chaws Australia los ntawm lub Department of Aircraft Qhuav (DAP) thiab twb paub nyob rau hauv teb chaws Australia raws li lub DAP Beaufighter.

Tsim thiab kev loj hlob

Lub tswv yim ntawm ib tug fighter txoj kev loj hlob ntawm lub Beaufort twb pom tias mus rau lub cua Ministry los ntawm Bristol. Lub suggestion coincided nrog lub zoo nyob rau hauv txoj kev loj hlob thiab zus tau tej cov Westland Whirlwind cannon-armed ntxaib-engine fighter. Txij li thaum lub "Beaufort Cannon Fighter" yog ib tug hloov dua siab tshiab ntawm ib tug uas twb muaj lawm tsim, kev loj hlob thiab ntau lawm yuav tsum nyob deb sai dua nrog ib tug kiag li tshiab tsim. Raws li, qhov cua Ministry ua Specification F.11 / 37 sau nyob ib ncig ntawm Bristol lub suggestion rau ib tug "nruab nrab" aircraft tos kom cov kev taw qhia ntawm cov Whirlwind. Bristol pib lub tsev ib tsab los ntawm kev noj ib feem-ua Beaufort tawm ntawm lub ntau lawm kab. Cov tsab thawj ya mus rau 17 Lub Xya hli ntuj 1939, ib tug me ntsis ntau tshaj yim lub hlis tom qab tus tsim tau pib, tejzaum vim lub siv ntawm ntau ntau lub Beaufort tus tsim thiab qhov chaw. Ib tug ntau lawm daim ntawv cog lus rau 300 machines twb tau muab tso rau ob lub lis piam ua ntej lub tsab F.17 / 39 txawm ya mus.

Nyob rau hauv Feem ntau, qhov sib txawv ntawm cov Beaufort thiab Beaufighter twb muaj hnub nyoog. Cov tis, tswj chaw, retractable tsaws iav thiab aft seem ntawm lub fuselage twb zoo tib yam rau cov neeg hauv lub Beaufort, thaum lub sij hawm tis chaw seem yog zoo xws li cov sib nrug los ntawm tej yam fittings. Cov foob pob bay twb rho, thiab plaub rau pem hauv ntej-firing 20 hli Hispano Mk III cannons tau mounted rau hauv lub qis fuselage cheeb tsam. Cov no twb chiv noj los ntawm 60-round drums, yuav tsum radar teb xov tooj yuav hloov lub mos txwv drums manually - ib tug arduous thiab unpopular ua hauj lwm, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog thaum hmo ntuj thiab thaum chasing ib tug bomber. Raws li ib tug tshwm sim, lawv sai hloov los ntawm ib tug siv-pub system. Lub cannons tau supplemented los ntawm rau .303 nyob rau hauv (7.7 hli) Browning machineguns nyob rau hauv lub tis (plaub starboard, ob qhov chaw nres nkoj). Lub chaw rau cov rear gunner thiab foob pob-aimer raug muab tshem tawm, tawm hauv tsuas yog tus tsav nyob rau hauv ib tug fighter-hom cockpit. Lub navigator / radar neeg teb xov tooj zaum mus rau lub rear nyob rau hauv ib tug me me perspex npuas nyob qhov twg cov Beaufort lub dorsal turret lawm.

Lub Bristol Taurus xyaw ntawm cov Beaufort twb tsis haib txaus rau ib tug fighter thiab tau hloov los ntawm cov haib tshaj Bristol Hercules. Cov muaj hwj huam hais teeb meem nrog kev co; nyob rau hauv lub kawg tsim lawv mounted rau ntev, ntau saj zawg zog struts, uas daig tawm los ntawm pem hauv ntej ntawm lub tis. Qhov no tsiv qhov chaw ntawm lub ntiajteb txawj nqus (Cog) rau pem hauv ntej, ib tug phem tshaj plaws rau ib tug aircraft tsim. Nws twb tsiv rov qab los ntawm shortening lub qhov ntswg, raws li tsis muaj chaw yuav tsum tau rau ib tug pob aimer nyob rau hauv ib tug fighter. Qhov no muab tso rau feem ntau ntawm cov fuselage qab tis, thiab tsiv lub Cog rov qab qhov uas nws yuav tsum tau. Nrog lub cav cowlings thiab propellers tam sim no ntxiv rau pem hauv ntej tshaj qhov ntxeev ntawm lub qhov ntswg, qhov Beaufighter muaj ib tug characteristically stubby tsos.

Zus tau tej cov Beaufort nyob rau hauv Australia, thiab cov zoo heev siv ntawm British-ua Beaufighters los ntawm lub noob nom noob tswv Australian Cua Dag Zog Yuam, coj mus rau Beaufighters raug ua los ntawm cov Australian Department of Aircraft Qhuav (DAP) los ntawm 1944 onwards. Lub DAP lub variant yog ib tug nres / torpedo bomber npe hu ua lub Mark 21: tsim cov kev hloov muaj Hercules VII los yog XVIII xyaw thiab ib co me kev hloov nyob rau hauv riam phom.

By lub sij hawm British ntau lawm kab kaw cia nyob rau hauv lub Cuaj Hli Ntuj 1945, 5,564 Beaufighters tau ua nyob rau hauv ces, los ntawm Bristol thiab kuj los ntawm Fairey Aviation Company, (498) Ministry ntawm Aircraft Qhuav (3336) thiab Rootes (260).

Thaum Australian lawm ceased nyob rau hauv 1946, 365 Mk.21s tau ua.

ua hauj lwm pab

Bristol Beaufighter Mk 1 nyob rau hauv No. 252 Squadron, North Africa

Los ntawm fighter qauv, lub Beaufighter Mk.I yog es hnyav thiab qeeb. Nws muaj ib tug tag nrho cov-up luj ntawm 16,000 lb (7,000 kg) thiab ib tug tshaj plaws ceev xwb 335 mph (540 km / h) nyob rau hauv 16,800 ft (5,000 m). Cuaj kaum qhov no yog tag nrho cov uas yog muaj nyob rau ntawm lub sij hawm, raws li tau zus tau tej cov tsis zoo heev Westland Whirlwind twb tau tso tseg vim muaj teeb meem nrog ntau lawm ntawm nws Yob-Royce Peregrine xyaw.

Lub Beaufighter pom nws tus kheej los tawm zus kab rau yuav luag raws nraim tib lub sij hawm raws li cov thawj British Plav kev cuam tshuam (AI) radar poob lawm. Nrog rau cov plaub 20 hli cannon mounted nyob rau hauv lub qis fuselage, lub qhov ntswg yuav haum raws li lub radar antennas, thiab cov roominess ntawm lub fuselage enabled cov kabmob AI khoom yuav tsum tau ntsuas yooj yim. Txawm loaded rau 20,000 lb (9,100 kg) lub dav hlau yog ceev ceev txaus mus caum German bombers. Los ntawm thaum ntxov 1941, nws yog ib tug zoo txee rau Luftwaffe hmo ntuj raids. Qhov ntau yam thaum ntxov qauv ntawm cov Beaufighter sai commenced kev pab txawv teb chaws, qhov chaw uas nws ruggedness thiab kev cia siab sai ua tus aircraft nrov nrog crews.

Ib tug hmo ntuj-fighter Mk Vif nkag mus squadrons nyob rau hauv lub peb hlis ntuj 1942, nruab nrog AI Mark VIII radar. Raws li tus ceev de Havilland Yoov Tshaj Cum coj tshaj nyob rau hauv lub hmo ntuj fighter luag hauj lwm nyob rau hauv nruab nrab rau lig 1942, lub cev ntas Beaufighters ua nqi kev pab nyob rau hauv lwm qhov chaw xws li anti-shipping, av nres thiab ntev-ntau interdiction nyob rau hauv txhua txhua loj ua yeeb yam ntawm kev ua hauj lwm.

Nyob rau hauv lub Mediterranean, lub USAAF lub 414th, 415th, 416th thiab 417th Hmo ntuj Fighter Squadrons tau txais 100 Beaufighters nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov ntawm 1943, moog lawv cov thawj yeej nyob rau hauv Lub Xya hli ntuj 1943. Los ntawm lub caij ntuj sov lub squadrons ua ob nruab hnub convoy escort thiab av-nres hauj lwm, tab sis feem ntau ya mus defensive interception missions thaum hmo ntuj. Txawm hais tias Northrop P-61 Dub poj ntsuam fighter pib mus txog rau hlis ntuj nqeg 1944, USAAF Beaufighters txuas ntxiv mus rau ya hmo ntuj ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv ltalis thiab Fabkis kom txog thaum lig nyob rau hauv kev tsov rog.

Los ntawm lub caij nplooj zeeg ntawm 1943, lub Yoov Tshaj Cum yog muaj nyob rau hauv txaus tus xov tooj los hloov lub Beaufighter li cov thawj hmo ntuj fighter ntawm lub RAF. Los ntawm kawg ntawm tsov rog ib co 70 pilots pab nrog RAF units tau ua ARRANGEMENT thaum ya Beaufighters.

Lub Beaufighter yog teev nyob rau hauv lub appendix mus rau lub tshiab KG 200 raws li muaj tau ya los ntawm tus German daim card hauj lwm chav tsev KG 200, uas mus soj ntsuam, soj ntsuam thiab tej zaum clandestinely ua yog tej yeeb ncuab aircraft thaum lub sij hawm lub ntiaj teb no ua tsov ua rog II. Nqaum kom

1941 pom txoj kev loj hlob ntawm lub Beaufighter Mk.IC ntev-ntau hnyav fighter. Qhov no tshiab variant nkag mus hauv qhov kev pab nyob rau hauv Tej zaum 1941 nrog ib tug detachment los ntawm No. 252 Squadron khiav hauj lwm ntawm Malta. Lub aircraft muaj pov thawj thiaj li zoo nyob rau hauv lub Mediterranean tiv thaiv shipping, aircraft thiab av lub hom phaj uas Nqaum kom tau los ua tus loj neeg siv ntawm tus Beaufighter, hloov lub tam sim no obsolete Beaufort thiab Blenheim.

Nqaum kom pib coj tus me nyuam ntawm tus tu-rated Mk.VIC nyob rau hauv nruab nrab 1942. Los ntawm tus kawg ntawm 1942 Mk VICs tau raug nruab nrog torpedo-nqa iav, enabling lawv mus nqa cov British 18 nyob rau hauv (457 hli) los yog lub US 22.5 nyob rau hauv (572 hli) torpedo externally. Tus thawj kev vam meej torpedo tawm tsam los ntawm Beaufighters tuaj nyob rau hauv lub Plaub Hlis 1943, nrog No. 254 Squadron sinking ob merchant ships tawm Norway.

Lub Hercules Mk XVII, tsim 1,735 hp (1,294 kW) nyob rau hauv 500 ft (150 m), tau ntsia nyob rau hauv lub Mk VIC airframe los ua tus TF Mk.X (torpedo Fighter), feem ntau hu ua lub "Torbeau." Lub Mk X los ua lub ntsiab ntau lawm cim ntawm lub Beaufighter. Lub strike variant ntawm lub "Torbeau" twb xaiv lub Mk.XIC. Beaufighter TF Xs yuav ua precision tawm tsam rau shipping ntawm yoj-sab saum toj siab nrog torpedoes los yog "60lb" RP-3 rockets. Early qauv ntawm cov Mk Xs nqa metric-wavelength ASV (cua-rau-nto txog ntsha) radar nrog "herringbone" antennae nqa rau ntawm lub qhov ntswg thiab txheej tis, tab sis qhov no twb hloov nyob rau hauv lig 1943 los ntawm cov centimetric AI Mark VIII radar tsis muaj tsev nyob rau hauv ib lub "lub npog taub tes thaum xaws khaub ncaws-qhov ntswg" radome, enabling tag nrho cov-huab cua thiab hmo ntuj tawm tsam.

Lub North Coates Strike Koojtis ntawm Nqaum kom ua, raws li ntawm RAF North Coates nyob rau Lincolnshire ntug dej hiav txwv, tsim tactics uas ua ke loj formations ntawm Beaufighters siv cannon thiab rockets mus suppress flak thaum lub Torbeaus rov thaum uas tsis muaj theem nrog torpedoes. Cov tactics tau muab tso rau hauv kev xyaum nyob rau hauv nruab nrab 1943, thiab nyob rau hauv ib tug 10-lub hlis, 29,762 tons (27,000 tonnes) ntawm shipping tau sunk. Tactics tau ntxiv nruj heev heev thaum shipping twb tsiv los ntawm chaw nres nkoj thaum lub sij hawm hmo ntuj. North Coates Strike Koojtis ua raws li cov coob anti-shipping quab yuam ntawm ob ntiaj teb ua tsov ua rog, thiab lees paub rau ntau tshaj 150,000 tons (136,100 tonnes) ntawm shipping thiab 117 hlab ntsha rau ib tug tsis 120 Beaufighters thiab 241 aircrew tua los yog uas ploj lawm. Qhov no yog ib nrab ntawm tag nrho cov tonnage sunk los ntawm tag nrho cov strike tis ntawm 1942-45. Pacific tsov rog Lub Beaufighter tuaj txog ntawm squadrons nyob rau hauv cov teb chaws Asia thiab cov Pacific nyob rau hauv nruab nrab-1942. Nws tau feem ntau tau hais tias - txawm hais tias nws yog ib tug daim RAF whimsy sai sai npaum li cas li los ntawm ib tug British journalist - uas Japanese tub rog raug xa mus rau lub Beaufighter li "ntxhi tuag", supposedly vim hais tias zuj aircraft feem ntau twb tsis hnov ​​(los yog pom) kom txog thaum heev lig. Lub Beaufighter tus Hercules xyaw siv lub tes tsho li qub uas Corporate nrov valve iav ntau rau poppet valve xyaw. Qhov no yog feem ntau pom meej nyob rau hauv ib tug txo suab nrov theem nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej ntawm lub cav.

South east Asia

Nyob rau hauv lub South-East Asian Theatre, lub Beaufighter Mk Vif ua los ntawm Is Nrias teb rau hmo ntuj missions tiv thaiv Japanese kab ntawm kev sib txuas lus nyob rau hauv Burma thiab Thaib teb. Cov high-ceev, low-level tawm tsam twb zoo heev, txawm feem ntau atrocious huab cua tej yam kev mob, thiab makeshift kho thiab tu facilities.South sab hnub tuaj teb chaws Asia

South sab hnub poob Pacific

Ua ntej DAP Beaufighters tuaj txog ntawm muaj koob muaj npe Australian Cua Dag Zog Yuam units nyob rau hauv lub South West Pacific ua yeeb yam, cov Bristol Beaufighter Mk IC twb ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv anti-shipping missions.
Lub nto moo tshaj plaws ntawm cov yog cov sib ntaus sib tua ntawm lub Bismarck Hiav txwv nyob rau hauv uas lawv co-ua nrog USAAF A-20 Bostons thiab B-25 Mitchells. Tsis 30 Squadron RAAF Beaufighters ya mus nyob rau hauv mast siab muab hnyav suppressive hluav taws rau lub vuag ntawm zuj bombers. Cov Japanese convoy, nyob rau hauv lub tswv yim hais tias lawv nyob rau hauv torpedo nres, ua tus neeg tuag taus tactical kev ua yuam kev uas muaj txoj siav lawv ships ntawm lub Beaufighters, ces lawv raug mus hla kev tso hoob pob tawm tsam los ntawm lub US nruab nrab bombers. Lub Beaufighters inflicted puas tsuaj ntau tshaj nyob rau hauv lub nkoj 'anti-aircraft phom, txuas hniav thiab crews thaum lub sij hawm strafing sau nrog lawv plaub 20 hli ntswg cannons thiab rau tis mounted .303 nyob rau hauv (7.7 hli) tshuab phom. Yim thauj thiab plaub ncuab tau sunk rau hauv lub poob ntawm tsib aircraft, xws li ib Beaufighter.

postwar

Los ntawm lig 1944, RAF Beaufighter units twb koom nyob rau hauv lub Greek Civil tsov rog, thaum kawg yog peb cais nyob rau hauv 1946.
Lub Beaufighter twb tseem siv los ntawm cov huab cua rog ntawm Portugal, Qaib ntxhw thiab cov koom pheej Dominican. Nws siv luv luv los ntawm lub Israeli Cua Dag Zog Yuam. Tau qhov twg los Wikipedia

Bristol Beaufighter FSX download
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