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Bristol Beaufighter FSX

Ela hloko, feela bakeng sa FSX-SP2 kapa Phallo

Ho batla ho bonono! Hlaka ha ho letho le ho nyeliso le cockpit thoeng ke gorget 'me ba tletse qaqileng haholoanyane. Sena se tla etsa thaba Fans ea loantša baetsi ba lifofane ba lefatše ntoa ea bobeli.
Akarelletsa 10 repaints, 'me sebele utloahala tse tobileng tseo ho nkoang e le mohlala sena se ntlafatsa ketsiso.

The Bristol Type 156 Beaufighter, atisa ho bitsoa feela Beau, e ne e British nako e telele boima moloaneli tokafaditsweng pejana Beaufort torpedo bomber mata entsoeng Bristol Aeroplane Company Molimo. Lebitso Beaufighter ke portmanteau ea "Beaufort" le "moloaneli."

Ho fapana le Beaufort, e Beaufighter ne a fumane mosebetsi o nako e telele 'me a sebeletsa hoo e batlang e kalaneng bohle ba ntoa ba ntoa ea bobeli ea Lefatše, pele bosiu boo e le moloaneli, joale e le moloaneli bomber mata' me qetellong ho fetola Beaufort e le torpedo bomber mata. fapaneng A ile ha hahoa Australia ke Lefapha la lifofane Production (dap pha) le ne a tsejoa Australia jwalo ka dap pha Beaufighter.

Design le ntshetsopele

The khopolo ea ho etsa moloaneli ntshetsopele ya Beaufort ile a etsa tlhahiso ea ho Lekala Air ke Bristol. Tlhahiso neng e etsahalla hong le tieho a ho ntshetsa pele le tlhahiso ya Westland setsokotsane Cannon-hlometseng lefahla-enjene le moloaneli. Kaha "Beaufort Cannon molwantshi wa" e ne e sokoloha ha e teng moralo, ntshetsopele le tlhahiso e ka lebelloa eketsehileng ho feta ka potlako ho feta ba nang le moralo o feletseng a hloekileng. Ka lebaka leo, Lekala Air hlahisoang ga tlhaloso F.11 / 37 ngotsoeng ho pota-pota tlhahiso Bristol oa bakeng sa "nakwana" baetsi ba lifofane ntseng kenyelletso e loketseng ea setsokotsane eo. Bristol ka qala ho haha ​​mochine o ka ho nka karolo-hahiloeng Beaufort tsoa mola hlahisoa ha libuka. The mochine oa pele sefofane pele ho 17 July 1939, e nyenyane likhoeli tse fetang tse robeli ka mor'a hore li entsoeng ka mokhoa o ne a ile a qala, mohlomong ka lebaka la hore ho sebelisoe lintho tse ngata tseo li entsoe ea Beaufort le likarolo tsa oona. A konteraka tlhahiso bakeng sa mechine 300 ne a se a beha libeke tse peli pele ho mochine o F.17 / 39 esita sefofane.

Ka kakaretso, ho se tšoane ho teng pakeng tsa Beaufort le Beaufighter ne nyenyane. Mapheo, taolo bokaholimo, retractable lulisa Gear le karolo aft ea fuselage ba ne ba le tsoanang le ea Beaufort, ha karolo setsi sa lepheo ne bo tšoana kantle le fittings itseng. The bomo koung lea ka la boleloa, 'me tse' nè ho ea pele-a betsa 20 limilimithara Hispano MK III likanono li ne li mounted ka sebakeng sena hoo e ka tlaase fuselage. Bana ba ne ba qalong fepa tsoang meropa 60-pota, hlokang hore mochineng oa radar opareitara ho fetola mahlaahlela meropa bowena - ho etsa mosebetsi o boima 'me o sa ratoe, haholo-holo bosiu ha a ntse a le ho lelekisa ya bomber mata. Ka lebaka leo, ba ile ba ka mor'a nakoana nkeloa sebaka ke tsamaiso e lebanta-ba fepa. likanono li ile tsa eketswa ke .303 tšeletseng (7.7 limilimithara) Browning machineguns a mapheo (a mane a starboard, ba babeli-kepeng). Dibakeng bakeng sa gunner morao 'me bomo-aimer ne ba tlosoa, ba siea feela ea motsamaisi ka moloaneli-mofuta wa sebaka cockpit. The navigator / radar opareitara lula ho morao tlasa tabeng ena e nyenyane persepekese bolla moo Beaufort a dorsal turret e ne e bile.

Lienjine tsa Beaufort Bristol Taurus ba ne ba sa le matla a lekaneng bakeng sa moloaneli le ba ne ba nkeloa sebaka ke matla le ho feta Bristol Hercules. Le matla a eketsehileng hlahisa mathata le thothometsa sebaka; ho etseng lipolane ho qetela li ne li palame e seng kae, struts eketsehileng tenyetsehang, e leng o ile a khomarela tsoa pel'a mapheo. Sena se ile sa e le setsi sa matla a khoheli (CoG) pele, ntho e mpe bakeng sa boqapi ba bona sefofane se seng. E ne e khutlela ka khutsufatsa nko, joalokaha ho se na sebaka se sengata ho ne ho hlokahala bakeng sa bomo aimer a moloaneli e. Sena se boholo ba fuselage ka morao lepheo, 'me ba ile ba fallela ea CoG morao moo e lokela ho ba. Le cowlings enjene le masokoana hona joale ka ho eketsehileng ka tjantjello ho feta ntlheng ea nko, tse Beaufighter bile se bonahala se characteristically stubby.

Production ya Beaufort Australia, le ho sebelisa atlehileng hantle haholo ka Beaufighters British entsoeng ke Royal Australian Air Force, ile sa etsa hore Beaufighters e ntse e hahoa ke Lefapha Australian sefofaneng Production (dap pha) ho tswa 1944 ya pele. fapaneng tsa dap pha e ne e le tlhaselo e / torpedo bomber mata tsejoa e le Mark 21: boqapi ba bona liphetoho akarelletsa Hercules VII kapa dienjini XVIII le liphetoho tse sa reng letho a armament.

Ka nako meleng tlhahiso British koala ka September 1945, 5,564 Beaufighters ne a hahiloe Engelane, ke Bristol le boetse ke Fairey tsamaiso ea lifofane Company, (498) Lekala la lifofane Production (3336) le Rootes (260).

Ha tlhahiso Australian khaotsa a 1946, 365 Mk.21s neng e hahiloe.

tšebeletso ea tshebetso

Bristol Beaufighter MK 1 a No. 252 lebothong leo, Afrika Leboea

Ka melao moloaneli, e Beaufighter Mk.I ne ho e-na le boima 'me a liehe. E ne e e 'ohle-up boima ba 16,000 LB (7,000 lik'hilograma) le lebelo palo e kahodimodimo ea mph 335 feela (540 km SE / h) nakong 16,800 feat (5,000 limithara). Leha ho le joalo ena e ne e le sohle seo e ne e fumaneha ka nako eo, joalokaha tlhahiso ka ho eketsehileng tsa ho seng joalo e babatsehang Westland setsokotsane ne a se a khaolitse ho lebaka la ho mathata le tlhahiso ea yona Rolls-Royce Peregrine dienjini.

The Beaufighter fumanoa ka boeona e tlang tima moleng o hlahisoa joang nakong hoo e ka bang hantle feela ka nako e tšoanang e le oa pele oa Brithani moeeng khaoletsa (AI) radar re behela. Le tse 'nè tsa 20 limilimithara Cannon mounted ka fuselage tlaase, nko ka amohela mochineng oa radar manaka,' me roominess kakaretso oa mehleng oa fuselage ea nolofalletsa thepa AI ho loketseng habonolo. Esita laeloa ho 20,000 LB (9,100 lik'hilograma) sefofane ne potlako ka ho lekaneng hore a tšoase bombers Sejeremane. Mathoasong a 1941, e ne e le sebadi e atlehang ea ho Luftwaffe liphutuho bosiu. The dikai tse fapa-fapaneng mathoasong a lekholo la Beaufighter haufinyane qala tšebeletso ea mose ho maoatle, moo ruggedness tsa eona le ho tšepahala haufinyane entsoeng ka sefofane se ratoang le basebetsi.

A bosiung boo e-ba lesole MK VIF ile fuoa squadrons ka March 1942, a hlomelloa le AI Mark VIII radar. Jwalo ka potlako ho de Khao Havilland Mosquito nka lilemo tse fetang ka bosiu moloaneli karolo e phethoang bohareng ho elella bofelong ba 1942, e Beaufighters boima entsoeng menehelo ea bohlokoa libakeng tse ling tse kang-ba khahlanong le oa thomello ea lingoliloeng, tlhaselo fatse 'me interdiction nako e telele a le mong ho shebelloang lifilimi teng e ka sehloohong ea dira ga dipalo.

Ka Mediterranean, e leng USAAF a 414th, 415th, 416th le 417th Night molwantshi wa Squadrons amohetse 100 Beaufighters lehlabuleng la 1943, ho finyella tlhōlo ea bona oa pele oa July 1943. Ho pholletsa le lehlabula la squadrons khanna motšehare mokoloko felehetse le fatse-tlhaselo ts'ebetso ea bobeli, empa haholo-holo sefofane bamisio ikemela interception bosiu. Le hoja Northrop P-61 Black Mohlolohali moloaneli qala ho fihla ka December 1944, USAAF Beaufighters tsoela pele ho fofa ts'ebetso ea bosiu Italy le Fora ho elella bofelong ba ntoa.

Ke hoetla ea 1943, e Mosquito e ne e fumaneha ka bongata ho lekaneng ho e nka sebaka sa Beaufighter joalokaha le ka sehloohong bosiung boo moloaneli oa RAF. Ho ea qetellong ea ntoa tse ling bakhanni 70 sebeletsa ka RAF diyuniti ne e aces ha a ntse a fofa Beaufighters.

The Beaufighter e thathamisitsoeng sehlomathiso se ho lipale KG 200 joalokaha eka se ea tlisoa ka lifofane ke Jeremane sephiri ts'ebetso ea unit trust KG 200, e leng lekoa, hlahlojoa le ka linako tse ling ka sekhukhu sebetsa hapa baetsi ba lifofane sera nakong ea Ntoa ea II ea Lefatše. e lebōpong la leoatle Taelo

1941 bona tsoelo-pele ea Beaufighter Mk.IC nako e telele moloaneli boima. Sena se fapaneng le lecha kenela tšebeletso ka May 1941 nang le detachment tsoang No. 252 lebothong leo sebetsa ho tloha Malta. baetsi ba lifofane tse bile a atleha ho Mediterranean khahlanong la thomello, 'baetsi ba lifofane le lekhulo liphofu tse hore Mosambik Taelo ea e-ba ka sehloohong mosebelisi oa Beaufighter, tlosa hona joale a khale Beaufort le Blenheim.

E lebōpong la leoatle Taelo qala ho nka phumantsho ya ho fihlela-rated Mk.VIC bohareng 1942. Ho ea qetellong ea 1942 MK VICs ba ne ba a hlomelloa le torpedo-jereng Gear, nolofalletsa ho jara British 18 a (457 limilimithara) kapa 22.5 US a (572 limilimithara) kwa torpedo. La pele la atlehileng torpedo litlhaselo tse etsoang ke Beaufighters ile a April 1943, le No. 254 lebothong leo tebang likepe tse peli mohoebi tima Norway.

The Hercules MK XVII, ho ntshetsa pele 1,735 hp | (1,294 KW) kwa 500 feat (150 noun m), o ne a hlomamisa ka MK Vic airframe ho hlahisa TF Mk.X (Torpedo molwantshi wa), tsejoang e le "Torbeau." The MK X-ba letšoao tlhahiso e ka sehloohong ea Beaufighter eo. The otle fapaneng tsa "Torbeau" e ile khethiloeng ea Mk.XIC. Beaufighter TF Xs tla etsa litlhaselo tse etsoang ka ho nepahetseng mabapi le Shipping nakong e tsokoang ka holimo le bophahamo le torpedoes kapa "60lb" RP-3 rockets. dikai mathoasong a lekholo la MK Xs etsoa meteriki-wavelength ASV (air-to-bokaholimo sejana) radar le "herringbone" antennae etsoa ka nko ea ka le ka ntle mapheo, empa sena se ne se nketsoe sebaka ka 1943 elella bofelong ba ke centimetric AI Mark VIII radar lokiselitsoe marobalo sebakeng ka "thimble-nko" radome, nolofalletsa bohle meteo-le litlhaselo tse etsoang bosiu.

E ka Leboea Coates Strike Wing ea Mosambik Taelo, e thehiloeng nakong RAF North Coates ka Lincolnshire lebopo la leoatle, ntshetswa pele hlokomelisang maqiti e leng ho kopantswe formations e kholo ea Beaufighters sebelisa Cannon le rockets ho hatella flak ha a ntse a Torbeaus hlasela boemong tlaase le torpedoes. hlokomelisang maqiti ana a ne a sebelisa bohareng 1943, 'me ka nako e 10-khoeli, 29,762 lithane (27,000 tonnes) ya thomello ne ba tetebetse. Hlokomelisang maqiti ne ba ka ho eketsehileng ikamahanya le maemo ha thomello o ile a susumelletseha ho tloha boema-kepeng bosiu. North Coates Strike Wing sebetsa joaloka moholo ka ho fetisisa-ba khahlanong le oa thomello ea lingoliloeng lebotho la ba ntoa ea bobeli ea Lefatše, 'me e ileng ea 150,000 lithane tse fetang (136,100 tonnes) ya thomello le 117 lijana bakeng sa tahlehelo ea 120 Beaufighters le 241 aircrew bolaoa kapa ba nyamela. Ena e ne e lekana le halofo ea palo yohle tonnage tetebetse ke mapheo tsohle otle pakeng tsa 1942-45. Pacific ntoa The Beaufighter fihla squadrons Asia le Pacific a bohareng ba bo-1942. E Hangata ho 'nile a re - le hoja ho ne ho lona qalong sekhechana sa RAF whimsy ka potlako kenetseng ke moqolotsi oa litaba oa Brithani - hore masole Japanese a bua ka ho Beaufighter e le "Whispering lefu", leo ho lumeloang hore ka lebaka hlasela baetsi ba lifofane hangata ba ne ba sa utloa (kapa bone) ho fihlela haholo siuoa ke nako. The Beaufighter a Hercules dienjini sebelisoa sleeve valve tseo e leng haelloa ea lerata phunyang Gear tloaelehile ho dienjini poppet phunyang. Ena e ne e ka ho fetisisa kamoo ho bonahalang kateng e fokotsehile lerata ho bophahamo ba la pel'a enjene.

South Asia bochabela

Ka Boroa-Bochabela Asia Theatre, e Beaufighter MK VIF sebetsa ho tloha India ho ea pele bamisio bosiung boo khahlanong meleng e Japanese oa puisano Burma le Thailand. The ka lebelo le phahameng, litlhaselo tse etsoang tlase ho bophahamo ba ne atleha haholo ho, ho sa tsotellehe maemo a hangata hlomolang pelo ba leholimo, 'me nakoana ho lokisa le tlhokomelo facilities.South bochabela Asia

South bophirimela Pacific

Pele dap pha Beaufighters fihla diyuniti Royal Australian Air Force a Afrika Bophirimela Pacific shebella libaesekopo, Bristol Beaufighter MK edy ile hiriloe a bamisio-ba khahlanong le oa thomello ea lingoliloeng.
E tummeng ka ho fetisisa ea bana e ne e Ntoa ea Leoatle Bismarck eo ba sebedisana sebetsa le USAAF A-20 Bostons le B-25 Mitchells. No. 30 lebothong leo RAAF Beaufighters sefofane a nakong palo bophahamo ho fana boima suppressive mollo bakeng sa maqhubu a hlasela bombers. Literaka tse Japanese, tlas'a maikutlo a hore ba ne ba ka tlasa torpedo hlasela, o ile a etsa bolaeang e etsoang ka maqiti phoso ea ho retelehela likepe tsa bona ho isa leanong la Beaufighters, li tlohela o ile a senola kamoo ho tlōla-tlōla litlhaselo tse etsoang libomo ke US seaplane bombers. The Beaufighters bakoang ke sa senyeha haholo palo e kahodimodimo ka likepe '-ba khahlanong le baetsi ba lifofane lithunya, marokho ebile basebetsi nakong strafing o balehela ho lona le ba bona ba bane 20 limilimithara nko likanono le tse tšeletseng lepheo-mounted .303 a (7.7 limilimithara) lithunya mochine. Tse robeli tsamaisa le destroyers tse 'nè li ile tsa tetebetse bakeng sa tahlehelo ea baetsi ba lifofane tse hlano, ho kopanyelletsa le Beaufighter le' ngoe.

ka mor'a ntoa

From 1944 mor'a nako, diyuniti RAF Beaufighter ne ba kopanela Segerike Ntoa ea Lehae ea, qetellong tloha ka 1946.
Beaufighter e ne e boetse e sebelisoa ke mabotho a moea oa Portugal, Turkey le Dominican Republic. E ne e sebelisetsoa bokhutšoanyane ke Iseraele Air Force. mohloli o moholo Wikipedia



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